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Rosalind Morris, Agronomy Papers

Title: Rosalind Morris, Agronomy Papers

Creator: M. Rosalind Morris, 1920-

Dates: 1940-2009

Quantity: 4 boxes (4 linear feet)

Collection Number: RG 08-08-17

Language: English

Restrictions: None

Copyright: To inquire about usage, please contact Archives & Special Collections, University of Nebraska–Lincoln Libraries. For more information see the Use Guidelines

Preferred Citation: Rosalind Morris, Agronomy Papers (RG 08-08-17). Archives & Special Collections, University of Nebraska–Lincoln Libraries.

Alternative Format: None

Biography:

Rosalind Morris (1920-), University of Nebraska professor of plant cytogenetics (1947-1990), is internationally recognized for her pioneering work in wheat cytogenetics and the effects of irradiation on corn. She is the first woman to be named a fellow of the American Society of Agronomy.

M. Rosalind Morris was born on May 8, 1920 in Ruthin, North Wales. The 1918 influenza outbreak left her father in poor health, so, in 1925, the family immigrated to Canada for a quieter life. They purchased a fruit farm in rural Ontario, Canada, where Rosalind became interested in agriculture.

Morris received a Bachelor of Science and Arts in horticulture from Ontario Agricultural College in 1942. In 1947, she and Leona Schnell became the first women to receive PhDs in plant breeding and genetics from Cornell University. Morris initially studied fruit plant breeding at Cornell, but transitioned to the study of crop plants. Morris came to the University of Nebraska in 1947 as an assistant in the newly created plant cytogenetics program. She worked on an Atomic Energy Commission grant led by E.L. Frolik to study the cytogenetic effects of atomic irradiation on corn. To receive the samples for her studies, she harvested corn tassels and shipped them in dry ice by air to the Argonne Laboratory near Chicago, where they were exposed to radiation and returned for study.

As the first woman on the Agronomy Department faculty, Morris became an assistant professor (1951), associate professor (1953), and professor (1958-1990). In 1956, on a Guggenheim Fellowship, she spent nine months studying the irradiation effects on crops plants in Sweden and England. After her fellowship, she changed her research focus from irradiation effects to the cytogenetics of bread wheat. Morris is most notable for her contributions in wheat cytogenetic stocks and substitution lines of Chinese Spring, Cheyenne, and Wichita wheat varieties. Her substitution lines helped researchers study the effects of single chromosomes on hardiness, frost tolerance, flour quality, protein quantity, and other variations in winter wheat.

Morris received a fellowship to the American Society of Agronomy (1980), Crop Science Society of America (1985), and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. She served as President of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences, the first woman in over 50 years. Morris also received an Outstanding Scientist Award from Sigma Xi-Nebraska Chapter, a Women of Distinction award from Soroptimist International of Lincoln, a Distinguished Service to Agriculture award from Gamma Sigma Delta-Nebraska Chapter, and several others.

Scope and Content:

The Rosalind Morris, Agronomy Papers relate to Morris's pioneering research on wheat cytogenetics and correspondence about distribution of seed lines and data books on Cheyenne, Wichita, and Chinese Spring wheat strands. Teaching materials include syllabi and lecture notes from the classes Agronomy 918: Plant Cytogenetics and Agronomy 919: Experiments in Genetics. Also included are correspondence between E. F. Frolik and Robert Cushing in 1947 regarding her appointment to the university, as well as publications, articles on her research, honors and awards, and retirement materials.

Subjects:

Frolik, Elvin F., 1909-19999

Morris, M. Rosalind, 1920-

Agronomy

Plant cytogenetics

Wheat

University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Department of Agronomy

Series Description: Series 1: Personal and Professional Materials, 1946-2009

Rosalind Morris' personal and professional records includes correspondence between E. F. Frolik and Robert Cushing in 1947 regarding appointment to the university, materials regarding her Guggenheim Fellowship in Sweden, and records of her professional activities at UNL. Materials also include articles on Morris, interviews, and awards.

Series 2: Cytogenetics Research and Data, 1949-2001

Cytogenetics research and data includes correspondence about distribution of seed lines and data books on Cheyenne, Wichita, and Chinese Spring wheat strands. Materials are arranged with correspondence first, data records second, and then chronologically. Oversize data books from this series are located after series 5 in boxes 3-4.

Series 3: Agronomy Department Teaching Materials, 1947-1989

Teaching materials include syllabi, lecture notes, and exams from Agronomy 918: Plant Cytogenetics and Agronomy 919: Experiments in Genetics. Significant materials include proposed plans for the University of Nebraska Genetics Institute, 1947-1953. Materials are arranged by class, then chronologically by lecture.

Series 4: Publications, 1942-2000

This series contains publications authored and co-authored by Morris on irradiated corn pollen, corn cell abnormalities, wheat cytogenetics, a biography on UNL professor Rollis Adams Emerson, and effects of chromosomes on winter wheat quality and variations, arranged chronologically.

Series 5: Photographs, 1942-2006

Photographs include prints, negatives, and glass negatives of portraits of Morris in her lab, office, and in the greenhouse. Also included are lecture slides from Agronomy 918: plant cytogenetics class, and photographs of crop cells and cytogenetics. Significant materials include glass negatives on irradiated corn pollen. Photographs are arranged with prints first, negatives second, and then arranged chronologically.

Container List: Series 1: Personal and Professional Materials, 1946-2009Box 1. Folder 1. Correspondence, Morris hire, UNL, 1946 Box 1. Folder 2. Correspondence, 1981-2009 Box 1. Folder 3. Correspondence, retirement, 1990 Box 1. Folder 4. Articles, on Rosalind Morris, 1946-2008 Box 1. Folder 5. PhD diploma, Cornell University, 1947, Feb. 12 (see oversize box OSB 34) Box 1. Folder 6. Trip journal, article, application, Guggenheim Fellowship, Sweden, 1956-1957 Box 1. Folder 7. Annual activities report, UNL 1962-1980 Box 1. Folder 8. Annual activities report, UNL, 1981-1991 Box 1. Folder 9. Interviews, talks, 2002, 2009 Box 1. Folder 10. Award certificates, 1947-2009 Box 1. Folder 11. Award nominations, event programs, 1979-2004 Box 1. Folder 12. Award plaque, Certificate of Achievement, Soroptimist International of Lincoln, Nebraska, 1982 (see oversize box 4, folder 3) Box 1. Folder 13. Award plaque, Distinguished Scientist Award, Sigma XI Nebraska Chapter, 1984 (see oversize box 4, folder 4) Box 1. Folder 14. Award, Citation for Service, retirement, UNL, 1990 Box 1. Folder 15. Award, retirement keepsake book, UNL, 1990 (see oversize box 4, folder 2) Box 1. Folder 16. Award plaque, Women of Distinction award, Soroptimist International of Lincoln, Nebraska, 1991 (see oversize box 4, folder 5) Box 1. Folder 17. Award plaque, President's Club, University of Nebraska Foundation, 1992 (see oversize box 4, folder 6) Box 1. Folder 18. Award plaque, Friend of Science award, Nebraska Academy of Sciences, 1997 (see oversize box 4, folder 7) Box 1. Folder 19. Award plaque, Service to Mankind Award, University Sertoma Club, 2005 (see oversize box OSB 34) Series 2: Cytogenetics Research and Data, 1949-2001Box 1. Folder 20. Correspondence, E.G. Anderson, Corn Radiation project, California Institute of Technology, 1949-1950 Box 1. Folder 21. Dissertation, Correspondence, "Distribution of CNN (Cheyenne) substitution seeds to others," 1963-1976 Box 1. Folder 22. Correspondence, Cheyenne substitutions in Chinese Spring, status of seed lines, 1971-1990 Box 1. Folder 23. Correspondence, Atlas 66 substitution in Chinese Spring, status of seed lines, 1973-1988 Box 1. Folder 24-25. Data book, Aneuploids Chinese Spring, Wichita, Cheyenne, 1976-1989 Box 1. Folder 26-27. Data book, Monosomics, Disomics, Chinese Spring, Wichita, Cheyenne, 1976-1989 Box 1. Folder 28. Data, "Cheyenne in Wichita, Wichita in Cheyenne," substitution lines, 1986? Box 1. Folder 29. Data, Cheyenne, Wichita recombinant lines development, 1989-1990 Box 1. Folder 30. Data, Identity test lists, Cheyenne, Wichita monosomics, 2000 Box 1. Folder 31. Data, Wheat Cytogenetic lines, 2001 Series 3: Agronomy Department Teaching Materials, 1947-1989Box 1. Folder 32. Proposed plans, UNL Genetics Institute, 1947-1953 Box 1. Folder 33. Exams, Agronomy 918: Plant Cytogenetics, 1950-1989 Box 1. Folder 34. Lecture notes, Agronomy 918: Plant Cytogenetics, deletions and duplications, 1989 Box 1. Folder 35. Lecture notes, Agronomy 918: Plant Cytogenetics, reciprocal translocations or interchanges, 1989 Box 1. Folder 36. Lecture notes, Agronomy 918: Plant Cytogenetics, changes in structure within chromosomes, 1989 Box 1. Folder 37. Lecture notes, Agronomy 918: Plant Cytogenetics, inversions, 1989 Box 1. Folder 38. Lecture notes, Agronomy 918: Plant Cytogenetics, euploidy-haploids, 1989 Box 1. Folder 39. Lecture notes, Agronomy 918: Plant Cytogenetics, deficiency aneuploids, 1989 Box 1. Folder 40. Lecture notes, Agronomy 918: Plant Cytogenetics, aneuploidy, trisomics, tetrasomics, 1989 Box 1. Folder 41. Lecture notes, Agronomy 918: Plant Cytogenetics, euploidy autopolyploids, 1989 Box 2. Folder 1. Lecture notes, Agronomy 918: Plant Cytogenetics, euploidy autopolyploids, 1989 Box 2. Folder 2. Lecture notes, Agronomy 918: Plant Cytogenetics, transfers of genes, 1989 Box 2. Folder 3. Lecture notes, Agronomy 918: Plant Cytogenetics, exercise abnormalities in maize, 1989 Box 2. Folder 4. Lecture notes, Agronomy 919: Experiments in Genetics, drosophila experiments, undated Box 2. Folder 5. Lecture notes, Agronomy 919: Experiments in Genetics, genetics of reproduction mechanisms in higher plants, undated Box 2. Folder 6. Lecture notes, Agronomy 919: Experiments in Genetics, transposable genetics elements in plants, undated Box 2. Folder 7. Lecture notes, Agronomy 919: Experiments in Genetics, self and cross incompatibility in plants, undated Series 4: Publications, 1942-2000Box 2. Folder 8. Thesis, correspondence, Ontario Agricultural College, 1942 Box 2. Folder 9. Thesis, Cornell University, 1947 Box 2. Folder 10. Publications, 1950-1959 Box 2. Folder 11. Publications, 1960-1969 Box 2. Folder 12. Publication, Rollin Adams Emerson biography, 1969 Box 2. Folder 13. Publications, 1970-1979 Box 2. Folder 14. Publications, 1980-1989 Box 2. Folder 15. Publications, memorial tributes, 1990-1992, undated Box 2. Folder 16. Article, "Retrospection on a Career in Cytogenetics," A Spectrum of Achievements in Agronomy: Women Fellows of the Tri-Societies, 2000 Series 5: Photographs, 1942-2006Box 2. Folder 17. Photos, harvesting apples, family farm, Canada, 1938 Box 2. Folder 18. Photos, graduation portraits, Ontario Agricultural College, 1941-1942 Box 2. Folder 19. Slide, Rosalind Morris, cornfield, Pasadena, California, 1949 Box 2. Folder 19. Slide, Rosalind Morris, wheat greenhouse, 1961-1962 Box 2. Folder 19. Slide, Rosalind Morris with microscope, undated Box 2. Folder 20. Photos, Rosalind Morris in apartment, 1954-1958 Box 2. Folder 21. Photos, Rosalind Morris in office, Keim Hall, 1962-1968, 1984 Box 2. Folder 21. Photo, display board, Handling and Baking Properties, undated Box 2. Folder 22. Photo, Morris in lab with microscope, 1962-1971 Box 2. Folder 23. Photo, wheat cytogenetics workshop, University of Missouri, 1966 Box 2. Folder 24. Photos, Morris in lab, Nebraska Quarterly article, 1968, June Box 2. Folder 25. Photos, Morris in wheat greenhouse, UNL, 1968, 1970s Box 2. Folder 26. Photos, awards, American Society of Agronomy Fellowship, Gamma Sigma Delta, Sigma Xi, Sertoma Club Environmental Award, 1979-2004 Box 2. Folder 27. Photos, studio portraits, 1979, undated Box 2. Folder 28. Slides, Agronomy 918: plant cytogenetics class, 1989? Box 2. Folder 29. Photos, retirement party, 1990 Box 2. Folder 29. Photo, Women of the Wheat, Lincoln Journal Star article, 2008 Box 2. Folder 30. Photos, Morris with her dog, Cym, 2002, 2006 Box 2. Folder 31. Record book, photo index, 1946-1986 Box 2. Folder 32. Photo negatives, corn pollen, meiosis, no. 3-64, 1946-1949 Box 2. Folder 33. Enlarged photo negatives, prints, corn pollen, meiosis, no. 20-34, 149, 172-173, 1947 Box 2. Folder 34. Photo negatives, corn, barely, sorghum cells, meiosis, no. 123-155, 1952-1953 Box 2. Folder 35. Photo negatives, corn, wheat, barley cells, meiosis, no. 183-932, 1953-1954 Box 2. Folder 36. Glass negatives, corn kernel abnormalities, corn chromosomes, meiosis, (FRAGILE), 1946-1949 Box 2. Folder 37. Glass negatives, corn pollen neutron irradiation no. 1-8, (FRAGILE), 1947-1949 Box 2. Folder 38. Glass negatives, corn pollen neutron irradiation no. 9-14, (FRAGILE), 1947-1949 Box 2. Folder 39. Glass negatives, corn pollen neutron irradiation no. 15-16, (FRAGILE), 1947-1949 Series 2: Cytogenetics Research and Data, 1949-2001 (continued)Box 3. Folder 1. Data record book, Cytogen Wheat, Cheyenne subsets in Wichita, G60-G89, 1966-1989 Box 3. Folder 2. Data record book, Cytogen Wheat, Cheyenne in Chinese Spring disomic lines, G61-G88, 1961-1988 Box 3. Folder 3. Data record book, Cytogen Wheat, G67-G76, 1961-1988 Box 3. Folder 4. Data record book, Cytogen Wheat, G68-1507-G70-1414, 1968-1970 Box 3. Folder 5. Data record book, Cytogen Wheat, G70-1415-G72-9140, 1970-1972 Box 3. Folder 6. Data record book, Cytogen Wheat, G72-9161-G75, 1972-1975 Box 3. Folder 7. Data record book, Cytogen Wheat, G75-1461-G76-3944, 1975-1976 Box 3. Folder 8. Data record book, Cytogen Wheat, G76-3945-G78-3195, 1976-1978 Box 3. Folder 9. Data record book, Cytogen Wheat, Wichita subsets in Cheyenne, G76-G89, 1976-1989 Box 3. Folder 10-11. Data record book, Cytogen Wheat, G78-3196-G79-2088, 1978-1979 Box 3. Folder 12. Data record book, Cytogen Wheat, G80-5341-G81-2105, 1980-1981 Box 3. Folder 13. Data record book, Cytogen Wheat, G81-2105-G83-2602, 1981-1983 Box 3. Folder 14. Data record book, Cytogen Wheat, G83-2603-G85-1712, 1983-1985 Box 3. Folder 15. Data record book, Cytogen Wheat, G85-1731-2031-G87-1356, 1985-1987 Box 4. Folder 1. Data record book, Cytogen Wheat, G87-1361-1927, 2031-G90-516, 1987-1990 Series : Oversize MaterialsBox 4. Folder 2. Award, retirement keepsake book, UNL, 1990 Box 4. Folder 3. Award plaque, Certificate of Achievement, Soroptimist International of Lincoln, Nebraska, 1982 Box 4. Folder 4. Award plaque, Distinguished Scientist Award, Sigma XI Nebraska Chapter, 1984 Box 4. Folder 5. Award plaque, Women of Distinction award, Soroptimist International of Lincoln, Nebraska, 1991 Box 4. Folder 6. Award plaque, President's Club, University of Nebraska Foundation, 1992 Box 4. Folder 7. Award plaque, Friend of Science award, Nebraska Academy of Sciences, 1997 Box OSB 34. Folder 1. Award plaque, Service to mankind Award, University Sertoma Club, 2005, Jan. Box OSB 34. Folder 2. PhD diploma, Cornell University, 1947, Feb. 12
Related Material and Resources: See also Rosalind Morris interview located in the UNL Emeriti Oral History Project Collection (RG 49-02-01). Information for Rosalind Morris's biography comes from her resume and UNL annual report of activities (box 1, folder 8-9), obituary (box 1, folder 4), her article, "Retrospection on a Career in Plant Genetics," A Spectrum of Achievements in Agronomy: Women Fellows of the Tri-Societies (box 2, folder 16), and various journal and newspaper articles from "Articles on Rosalind Morris, 1946-2008" (box 1, folder 4).



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