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Charles Kuhlman, History Papers

Title: Charles Kuhlman, History Papers

Creator: Kuhlman, Charles, 1872-1959

Dates: 1895-1959

Quantity: 4 boxes (2 linear feet)

Collection Number: RG 12-14-23

Language: English, French

Restrictions: None

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Historical Records Statement: Please see our statement on historical records and materials.

Preferred Citation: Charles Kuhlman, History Papers (RG 12-14-23). Archives & Special Collections, University of Nebraska–Lincoln Libraries.


Charles Kuhlman was born on 15 January 1872 in Davenport, Iowa. He graduated from the University of Nebraska with a bachelors degree in 1897, and a masters degree in 1900. In 1901, he received a Ph.D. from the University of Zurich. He returned to Nebraska and taught history at the University of Nebraska and was appointed head of European History. He retired after one year due to an increasing deafness. Kuhlman became a farmer and in his spare time he continued to study and write history. In 1916, Kuhlman moved to Billings, Montana, and developed an interest in the events surrounding the Battle of the Little Bighorn. Applying his knowledge of historical methods and his geographical proximity, Kuhlman intensely studied and published around issues concerning the battle, producing large volumes of correspondence with other prominent authors in the field. Kuhlman's interest in military tactics and revolt remained a central focus in his historical research. His earlier scholarship concentrated primarily on the Jacobin cause and other revolutionary societies of the French Revolution. Kuhlman continued to revise his earlier writings through the 1950s, hoping to publish a definitive text on Jacobin history. Charles Kuhlman died in Billings, Montana, in 1959.

Scope and Content:

The Kuhlman papers primarily concern his research on General George A. Custer and the Battle of the Little Bighorn, including research notes and research correspondence. Manuscripts and drafts of published works include revisions and correspondence with editors and publishers. The collection also contains some undergraduate and graduate notebooks from Kuhlman's time at the University of Nebraska.


Kuhlman, Charles, 1872-1959

Custer, George Armstrong, 1839-1876

Finkle, Frank

Little Bighorn, Battle of the, Mont., 1876

Series Description: Series 1: Correspondence, Box 1- Box 2, Folder 13

The correspondence comprises the majority of the collection and is arranged alphabetically by the author, including Kuhlman. Some of the correspondence files include additional items, such as photographs and newspaper clippings. One piece of correspondence from his son is located at the end of this series.

Series 2: Research Material and Manuscripts, Box 2, Folder 14-Box 3, Folder 6

The majority of Kuhlman's research focused on General George A. Custer and the Battle of the Little Bighorn and may have been used as research for his publications on Custer. The materials include handwritten and typed notes from published sources that Kuhlman used for his research. Kuhlman noted his sources on these documents and this is noted where possible. There are several hand-drawn battlefield maps and placement of participants in the battle. Photographs associated with this material are located in Box 4. There is a small section of handwritten notes on democracy and social sciences dated 1916-1918.

Series 3: Manuscripts, Box 3, Folder 7-Box 3, Folder 17

Kuhlman's manuscripts are drafts and revisions relating to his published work. Some of the items are drafts of chapters or on a specific topic. The manuscripts have been identified where possible. All of the material in this section was created by Kuhlman.

Series 4: Academic Notes and Materials, Box 3, Folder 18- Box 4

This series includes materials from Kuhlman's undergraduate and graduate studies at the University of Nebraska. Included are his lecture notes from classes that he attended, papers that he wrote, some of which address arguments both for and against a specific opinion or viewpoint. Some of Kuhlman's work was published in the University of Nebraska's Graduate Bulletin and University Studies periodical series. There are also copies of Kuhlman's dissertation from the University of Zurich. This material is arranged chronologically. This material is followed by a biographical pamphlet on Kuhlman.

Container List: Series 1: CorrespondenceBox 1. Folder 1. Correspondence, Balmer, Joseph Box 1. Folder 2. Correspondence, Bell, William Box 1. Folder 3. Correspondence, Brininstool, E. A., 1939 Box 1. Folder 4. Correspondence, Brininstool, E. A., 1940 Box 1. Folder 5. Correspondence, Brininstool, E. A., 1941-1953 Box 1. Folder 6. Correspondence, DuMont, John Box 1. Folder 7. Correspondence, Dustin, Fred, 1939 Box 1. Folder 8. Correspondence, Dustin, Fred, 1940 Box 1. Folder 9. Correspondence, Dustin, Fred, 1941 Box 1. Folder 10. Correspondence, Dustin, Fred, 1942-1946 Box 1. Folder 11. Correspondence, Dustin, Fred, 1953-1955 Box 1. Folder 12. Correspondence, Ellison, R. S. Box 1. Folder 13. Correspondence, Falconer, William, 1939, Jan.-June Box 1. Folder 14. Correspondence, Falconer, William, 1939, July-Dec. Box 1. Folder 15. Correspondence, Falconer, William, 1940-1941 Box 1. Folder 16. Correspondence, Frost, Lawrence Box 1. Folder 17. Correspondence, Graham, W. A. Box 1. Folder 18. Correspondence, Hutchings, James Box 1. Folder 19. Correspondence, Kuhlman, Charles Box 1. Folder 20. Correspondence, Luce, E. S., 1938 Box 1. Folder 21. Correspondence, Luce, E. S., 1939, Jan.-Mar. Box 1. Folder 22. Correspondence, Luce, E. S., 1939, Apr.-Aug. Box 1. Folder 23. Correspondence, Luce, E. S., 1939, Sept.-Dec. Box 1. Folder 24. Correspondence, Luce, E. S., 1940-1945 Box 1. Folder 25. Correspondence, McCreight, M. I. Box 1. Folder 26. Correspondence, McLean, Norman Box 1. Folder 27. Correspondence, Rice, Frierson, 1940 Box 1. Folder 28. Correspondence, Rice, Frierson, 1941 Box 1. Folder 29. Correspondence, Rice, Frierson, 1943-1944, undated Box 2. Folder 1. Correspondence, Russell, Don Box 2. Folder 2. Correspondence, Stackpole, E. J., 1951 Box 2. Folder 3. Correspondence, Stackpole, E. J., 1952, Jan-Mar. Box 2. Folder 4. Correspondence, Stackpole, E. J., 1952, Apr.-May Box 2. Folder 5. Correspondence, Stackpole, E. J., 1955-1957, undated Box 2. Folder 6. Correspondence, Steele, Russell Box 2. Folder 7. Correspondence, B, 1940-1955

Items to and from Bob Blumling, Henry Billmeyer, Flora Bullock, and Raymond Burnside.

Box 2. Folder 8. Correspondence, C-F, 1940-1953

Items to and from Ralph Carr, R.G. Cartwright, Grace Coates, Roy Covert, Charles Custer, Margaret Custer, Charles DuBois, and Earle Forrest.

Box 2. Folder 9. Correspondence, G-K, 1938-1952

Items to and from Fulton Grigsby, Lou Grill, O. Lee Hawk, Hamilton Hawkins, Willford King, John Kleinschmidt, and Emil Kopak.

Box 2. Folder 10. Correspondence, L-M, 1938-1955

Items to and from John Lentz, J.E. LeRossignol, Library of Congress, Gordon MacGregor, Mrs. McCormick, Andrew Mills, George Moses, and Miriam Mountford.

Box 2. Folder 11. Correspondence, N-P, 1948-1955

Items to and from National Archivist, Ellwood Nye, Osten(?), B. Patterson, and Jerome Peltier.

Box 2. Folder 12. Correspondence, R-S, 1944-1958

Items to and from Leslie Ricker, Mrs. Ralph Rose, Scudday(?), Miss Sherman, and Hugh Shick.

Box 2. Folder 13. Correspondence, T-W, 1935-1955

Items to and from The Telegraph Press (Harrisburg, PA), Adjutant General's Office U.S. Department of War, Frederic Van de Water, Jonathan Wainwright, and Kathryn Wright.

Box 2. Folder 14. Family correspondence, 1940, Sept. 3
Series 2: Research and ManuscriptsBox 2. Folder 15. Research notes, democracy, social sciences, 1916-1918 Box 2. Folder 16. Research, field notebooks, 1926, 1946, undated Box 2. Folder 17. Research, interview transcripts, undated Box 2. Folder 18. Research, interview transcripts, undated Box 2. Folder 19. Research notes, interviews, undated Box 2. Folder 20. Research notes, J.P. Dunn, Massacre of the Mountains Box 2. Folder 21. Research notes, Fred Dustin Box 2. Folder 22. Research notes, reprints, Fred Dustin, 1919, 1930s Box 2. Folder 23. Research notes, Manning F. Force, "Great Commanders" Box 2. Folder 24. Research notes, Hamilton Hawkins Box 2. Folder 25. Research notes, Montana State Historical Society, undated Box 2. Folder 26. Research notes, identified sources, undated Box 2. Folder 27. Research notes, "firing," undated Box 3. Folder 1. Research notes, "Weir Point," undated Box 3. Folder 2. Research notes, misc., pgs. 1-3, 19-53, undated Box 3. Folder 3. Research notes, fragments, undated Box 3. Folder 4. Maps, battlefields, hand-drawn, 1937-1959 Box 3. Folder 5. Map, "A Lost Trail and Gall Suga" Box 3. Folder 6. Published materials, Custer, Indian Campaigns, American West Series 3: ManuscriptsBox 3. Folder 7. Manuscript draft, "Legend Into History," chapter 3 Box 3. Folder 8. Manuscript draft, "Legend Into History," chapter 10 Box 3. Folder 9. Footnotes, appendices, "Legend Into History" Box 3. Folder 10. Review, "Legend Into History," 1951 Box 3. Folder 11. Manuscript draft, "Did Custer Disobey Orders..." Box 3. Folder 12. Manuscript draft, "Benteen Hard Pressed" pgs. 35-65 Box 3. Folder 13. Manuscript draft, "Comments on Stackpole suggestions" Box 3. Folder 14. Manuscript draft, chapter 1, unidentified work Box 3. Folder 15. Manuscript draft, chapter 3, "The Custer Battle," unidentified work Box 3. Folder 16. Manuscript draft, summaries, acknowledgements, unidentified work Box 3. Folder 17. Manuscript draft, unidentified fragments Series 4: Academic Notes and PapersBox 3. Folder 18. Lecture notes, Roman history, part 1 of 2, 1894 Box 3. Folder 19. Lecture notes, Roman history, part 2 of 2, 1894 Box 3. Folder 20. Lecture notes, European history, part 2 of 2, 1895 Box 3. Folder 21. Lecture notes, European history, part 2 of 2, 1895 Box 3. Folder 22. Lecture notes, modern history, 1895 Box 3. Folder 23. Lecture notes, English 4, 1896 Box 4. Folder 1. Lecture notes, part 1 of 2, 1897-1898 Box 4. Folder 2. Lecture notes, part 2 of 2, 1897-1898 Box 4. Folder 3. Lecture notes, 1899 Box 4. Folder 4. Paper, "Authorship of the Iliad," 1895 Box 4. Folder 5. Paper, "History of Philosophy," 1896 Box 4. Folder 6. Paper, "Chamber of St. Louis to the Battle..." Box 4. Folder 7. Paper, "Did the Federalists or their Opponents...." Box 4. Folder 8. Paper, "Review of the French Revolution," Aulard, pgs. 11-109 Box 4. Folder 9. Paper, "Review of the French Revolution," pgs. 1-100 Box 4. Folder 10. Paper, "Review of the French Revolution," pgs. 101-199 Box 4. Folder 11. Paper, "Review of the French Revolution," pgs. 201-299 Box 4. Folder 12. Reprint, "Mably, A True Prophet of Revolution," 1900, Apr. Box 4. Folder 13. Dissertation reprint, "Influence of the Breton Deputation and the Breton Club in the French Revolution," 1903 Box 4. Folder 14. Reprint, "Relation of the Jacobins to the Army....," 1906 Box 4. Folder 15. Pamphlet, Frederick Kuhlman Box 4. Folder 16. Photographs, originals Box 4. Folder 17. Photographs, research and battlefield materials
Related Material and Resources: Kuhlman, Charles. Did Custer Disobey Orders at the Battle of the Little Big Horn? A Study. Harrisburg, Pa., Stackpole Co. [1957] _____________ and Michael J. Koury, editor. The Frank Finkel Story: Possible Custer Survivor? Bellevue, Neb.: Old Army Press, [1969?] _____________. Legend into History: The Custer Mystery; an Analytical Study of The Battle of the Little Big Horn. Harrisburg, Pa., Stackpole Co. [1951] _____________ and Michael J. Koury. Massacre Survivor! : The Story of Frank Finkel, a Trooper with Custer at the Little Big Horn. Fort Collins, Col.: The Old Army Press, 1972 With the exception of the unpublished essay Kuhlman wrote in reaction to Colonel Hughes' Custer history and a copy of his work done for the Encyclopedia Britannica, Kuhlman's Western Americana scholarship was purchased by Michael J. Koury and later sold to Brigham Young University (1.5 linear feet). In addition to the Brigham Young University Collection, several linear feet of Jacobin research and teaching materials related to his academic career are located at the Merrill G. Burlingame Special Collections, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, as well as an undetermined amount held by the Montana State Historical Society Archives.

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